Glaucoma

Posted: Feb 26, 2019 by The Eye Center

WHAT IS GLAUCOMA?
Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions, usually associated with a buildup of pressure inside the eye (intraocular pressure), that causes damage to the optic nerve, resulting in vision loss. Glaucoma is a chronic disease and for most patients, symptoms do not typically appear until damage has already been done to the optic nerve.
There is no prevention for glaucoma, early detection through routine comprehensive eye exams and treatment can help slow the progression of the disease.
 
WHo is at risk?
There are several factors that may increase your risk of developing this eye disease, including:
Over 40 Years Old
African American
Hispanic/Latino‍
Family History of Glaucoma
High Eye Pressure
History of Eye Trauma
Thin Corneas
High Blood Pressure
Diabetes
WHAT ARE TYPES OF THE DISEASE?
Open-angle glaucoma is the most common form, but there are other types of the disease, including low-tension or normal-tension glaucoma, angle-closure glaucoma, congenital glaucoma, and secondary glaucomas.
how is glaucoma detected?
Unfortunately there is no prevention for glaucoma, early detection through routine comprehensive eye exams and treatment can help slow progression of the disease. Be sure that your eye doctor is aware of any family history of glaucoma.
how is glaucoma treated?
Effective treatments for glaucoma can slow the progression of the disease and damage to the optic nerve. Treatment for glaucoma may include:
Prescription medications or eye drops
Selective laster trabeculoplasty (SLT) to allow the eye to drain more fluid, thus decreasing pressure within the eye.
iStent which works like the stents used to prevent heart attacks and strokes.
DOES GLAUCOMA CAUSE BLINDNESS?
If you are diagnosed with glaucoma, it’s essential that you follow your eye doctor’s treatment plan, including taking any prescribed medications, to help prevent complete vision loss. Treatment can slow the progression of the disease, but there is no cure for glaucoma.
CAN THE DAMAGE BE REVERSED?
Damage to your eyes from glaucoma cannot be reversed. Once vision is lost, it cannot be regained. Again, emphasizing the need for early detection through routine eye exams.
Schedule Your Appointment
For more information about glaucoma or to schedule your appointment, call 803-256-0641 or fill in the form below to be contacted by The Eye Center.
 

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